悠悠球起源

greekyoyo

史书记录悠悠最早出现于古希腊。在雅典的国立博物馆还保存着这样一件陶瓷罐子,罐上的人物手中正拿着的就是悠悠球。这种玩具的材料是木头、金属或上了颜色的黏土,图案多是众神的形象。

YO-YO源自菲律宾的土语(Tagalog)是“回来”或“去回来”的意思。在公元1500年的时候,菲律宾的狩猎民族在20英尺(大约6米)的绳子前端挂上晒干的鱼贝之类的重物,作为狩猎动物和格斗的工具使用。

据说狩猎民族的孩子们把这种工具制成更小的型号并开始用来玩耍。这就是悠悠的起源。

在公元1700年的时候,悠悠由中国东传至日本的长崎,向西传至印度,并由印度传至欧洲。在日本,悠悠被形象地叫作“独轮车”或“钱轮”,深受年轻人的欢迎。

18世纪初,悠悠在英国以“王子财宝”、在法国以“诺尔曼悠悠”之名广为流行,尤其是在法国和英国的上流社会盛行,而被贵族视为是一种时髦、高尚的玩具。

在国际艺术馆,还可以见到一幅以King George Ⅳ玩YO-YO为题的油画,可见YO-YO当时在欧洲的受欢迎程度。

YO-YO这个名字首次出现于1920年。一位叫Pedro Flores的菲律宾人将YO-YO引进美国,当时他在酒店工作,闲时就拿起来玩。后来他成立了自己的玩具公司Flores YoYo Company。

 

A Greek vase painting from 440 BC shows a boy playing with a yo-yo (see right).[2] Greek records from the period describe toys made out of wood, metal, or painted terra cotta (fired clay).[2] The terra cotta disks were used to ceremonially offer the toys of youth to certain gods when a child came of age—discs of other materials were used for actual play.

Birth of the modern yo-yo

After the yo-yo was introduced to the United States, it spread to Mexico—a pile of handmade wood Mexican yo-yos is pictured
In 1928, Pedro Flores, a Filipino immigrant to the United States, opened the Yo-yo Manufacturing Company in Santa Barbara, California.[3] The business started with a dozen handmade toys; by November 1929, Flores was operating two additional factories in Los Angeles and Hollywood, which altogether employed 600 workers and produced 300,000 units daily.[3]

The principal distinction between the Filipino design popularized by Flores and more primitive yo-yos is in the way the yo-yo is strung. In older (and some remaining inexpensive) yo-yo designs, the string is tied to the axle using a knot. With this technique, the yo-yo just goes back-and-forth; it returns easily, but it is impossible to make it sleep. In Flores’s design, one continuous piece of string, double the desired length, is twisted around something to produce a loop at one end which is fitted around the axle. Also termed a looped slip-string, this seemingly minor modification allows for a far greater variety and sophistication of motion, thanks to increased stability and suspension of movement during free spin.

Shortly thereafter (c. 1929), an entrepreneur named Donald F. Duncan recognized the potential of this new fad and purchased the Flores yo-yo Corporation and all its assets, including the Flores name, which was transferred to the new company in 1932.

The name “Yo-yo” was registered in 1932 as a trademark by Sam Dubiner in Vancouver, Canada,[4] and Harvey Lowe won the first World Yo-Yo Contest in London, England.[5] In 1932, Swedish Kalmartrissan yo-yos started to be manufactured as well.[6][7][8]

In 1933 yo-yos were banned in Syria, because many locals superstitiously blamed the use of them for a severe drought.[9]

In 1946, the Duncan Toys Company opened a yo-yo factory in Luck, Wisconsin. The Duncan yo-yo was inducted into the National Toy Hall of Fame at The Strong in Rochester, New York, in 1999.[Quote from Yoyowiki]